Joint image compression and encryption based on order-8 alternating transforms

Peiya Li, Kwok Tung Lo

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, we propose a novel joint image compression and encryption scheme based on JPEG standard. We realize image encryption at JPEG's transformation stage. Instead of only using 8 × 8 discrete cosine transform (DCT) for transformation, we generate new orthogonal transforms by embedding an extra rotation angle of π to different stages’ butterflies in 8 × 8 DCT's flow-graph, and then apply them alternatively for transformation according to a predefined secret key. By carefully controlling the number of rotation angles embedded, the quality control of encrypted images can also be achieved. The encryption algorithm is further enhanced by performing block permutation before the entropy encoding stage. Extensive experiments have been conducted to show the good protection and compression performance of our encryption schemes. Finally, a detailed security analysis is provided to show the encryption schemes’ resistance to various cryptanalysis methods, such as brute-force attack, key sensitivity analysis, replacement attack and statistical attack.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)61-71
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Visual Communication and Image Representation
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2017


  • Image encryption
  • JPEG standard
  • Orthogonal transforms
  • Security analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Media Technology
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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