In this paper, we experimentally demonstrate a 200-G (4×56-Gbit/s) optical 4-level pulse-amplitude modulation (PAM-4) system using 10G-class optics over 10-km standard single-mode fiber and propose a joint Hartley-domain equalizer (HDE) and time-domain equalizer (TDE) algorithm for efficiently compensating the serious high-frequency distortions caused by the bandwidth-limited devices. To the best of our knowledge, the first HDE based on Hartley transform is designed for an optical PAM-4 system. Owing to the real-valued and self-inverse properties of the Hartley transform, the HDE has advantages in processing the real-valued PAM-4 signal. The experimental results show that the joint HDE and TDE algorithm has a better performance than only the HDE or only the TDE. Meanwhile, for obtaining a desired bit error rate, the computational complexity of the joint HDE and TDE algorithm is approximately 6% that of only the TDE with larger tap number. In conclusion, the joint HDE and TDE algorithm shows great potential for high-speed and cost-sensitive optical PAM-4 systems.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics