Joint Hartley-domain and time-domain equalizer for a 200-G (4×56-Gbit/s) optical PAM-4 system using 10G-class optics

Ji Zhou, Yaojun Qiao, Changyuan Yu, Mengqi Guo, Xizi Tang, Weiping Liu, Shan Chun, Zhaohui Li

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, we experimentally demonstrate a 200-G (4×56-Gbit/s) optical 4-level pulse-amplitude modulation (PAM-4) system using 10G-class optics over 10-km standard single-mode fiber and propose a joint Hartley-domain equalizer (HDE) and time-domain equalizer (TDE) algorithm for efficiently compensating the serious high-frequency distortions caused by the bandwidth-limited devices. To the best of our knowledge, the first HDE based on Hartley transform is designed for an optical PAM-4 system. Owing to the real-valued and self-inverse properties of the Hartley transform, the HDE has advantages in processing the real-valued PAM-4 signal. The experimental results show that the joint HDE and TDE algorithm has a better performance than only the HDE or only the TDE. Meanwhile, for obtaining a desired bit error rate, the computational complexity of the joint HDE and TDE algorithm is approximately 6% that of only the TDE with larger tap number. In conclusion, the joint HDE and TDE algorithm shows great potential for high-speed and cost-sensitive optical PAM-4 systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)34451-34460
Number of pages10
JournalOptics Express
Issue number26
Publication statusPublished - 24 Dec 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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