Issues in language policy and planning : summary and recommendations

Research output: Chapter in book / Conference proceedingChapter in an edited book (as author)Academic research


In this final chapter, we will summarize our key findings and observations, with a view to making some recommendations regarding alternative language-in-education policy guidelines and support measures that will hopefully have some reference value to the education authorities and be empirically investigated. On account of various linguistic and sociolinguistic realities pertaining to the Hong Kong SAR, the envisioned thrust and purpose of the recommendations is to gain greater mileage in our deployment of energies and resources to help Hongkongers – Chinese and non-Chinese – to attain biliteracy and trilingual skills, a daunting yet arguably inescapable goalpost given the SAR’s geopolitical position and socioeconomically determined woman- and man-power needs. Specifically, eight recommendations will be presented, of which six are language policy issues, while two are related to language planning.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMultilingual Hong Kong : languages, literacies and identities
PublisherSpringer Netherlands
Number of pages26
ISBN (Electronic)9783319441955
ISBN (Print)9783319441931
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Publication series

NameMultilingual Education
ISSN (Print)2213-3208


  • Language policy and planning
  • Second language acquisition
  • Trilingualism
  • Biliteracy development
  • Medium of instruction
  • Hong Kong SAR
  • Teaching Chinese in Putonghua
  • Preschool
  • Young learners
  • Songs and language learning


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