Purpose: This study aims to compare the isometric strength of hip abductors and external rotators in male athletes with and without patellar tendinopathy (PT), and to examine the correlation between hip strength, pain, and functional scores. Methods: Sixty male athletes (30 with PT and 30 controls) were recruited from local volleyball and basketball teams. The isometric strength of the hip abductors and external rotators was quantified using a belt-stabilized handheld dynamometer. This study used the visual analog scale (VAS) and the Victorian Institute of Sport Assessment-Patella (VISA-p) questionnaire to measure the intensity of pain and functional scores in athletes with PT, respectively. Results: The normalized isometric strength of the hip abductors and external rotators was significantly less in the PT group compared with controls. In subjects with PT, the normalized isometric strength was decreased by 22.0% (p = 0.000) in the hip abductors and by 20.0% in the hip external rotators (p = 0.004), compared with controls. Significant correlations were found between the normalized isometric strength of the hip abductors and intensity of pain (r = − 0.70; p < 0.05) and VISA-p score (r = 0.63; p < 0.05) in the affected leg in athletes with unilateral PT. Conclusions: Athletes with PT have decreased isometric strength in their hip abductors and external rotators when compared with controls. In subjects with unilateral PT, decreased isometric strength in the hip abductors is associated with greater intensity of pain and lower functional scores. Results of this study implied that hip muscle assessment and strengthening should be included for reconditioning and rehabilitation in athletes with PT.
- Basketball and volleyball players
- Isometric strength of the hip muscles
- Landing kinematics
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
- Physiology (medical)