Isolation of cellulose nanocrystals from medium density fiberboards

Jin Gu, Chuanshuang Hu, Rui Zhong, Dengyun Tu, Hong Yun, Weiwei Zhang, Shao Yuan Leu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

At the same sulfuric acid hydrolysis conditions (65% H2SO4, 60 °C and 30 min), MDF cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) were produced at 27.5% yield, similar to 27.4% of CNC yield from eucalyptus with UF resin, but less than 31.2% yield from eucalyptus. MDF CNCs were slightly thicker in lateral dimension (16.8 ± 8.6 nm), less crystalline (59% CrI), and surface esterificated (0.045 mmol/g sulfate/CNC) than eucalyptus CNCs (11.6 ± 3.9 nm, 75% CrI, 0.060 mmol/g) and CNCs from eucalyptus with UF resin (14.9 ± 9.1 nm, 65% CrI, 0.046 mmol/g). All CNCs were free of UF resin and thermal stable. The residual resin in cellulose pulps hydrolyzed completely during the sulfuric acid treatment and contributed to the unique properties of CNCs. Therefore, CNCs derived from MDF are comparable to CNC from wood and promising for expanded applications.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)70-78
Number of pages9
JournalCarbohydrate Polymers
Volume167
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2017

Keywords

  • Cellulose fiber isolation
  • Cellulose nanocrystals
  • Medium density fiberboard
  • Sulfuric acid hydrolysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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