Iris-based medical analysis by geometric deformation features

Lin Ma, Dapeng Zhang, Naimin Li, Yan Cai, Wangmeng Zuo, Kuanquan Wang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)


Iris analysis studies the relationship between human health and changes in the anatomy of the iris. Apart from the fact that iris recognition focuses on modeling the overall structure of the iris, iris diagnosis emphasizes the detecting and analyzing of local variations in the characteristics of irises. This paper focuses on studying the geometrical structure changes in irises that are caused by gastrointestinal diseases, and on measuring the observable deformations in the geometrical structures of irises that are related to roundness, diameter, and other geometric forms of the pupil and the collarette. Pupil- and collarette-based features are defined and extracted. A series of experiments are implemented on our experimental pathological iris database, including manual clustering of both normal and pathological iris images, manual classification by nonspecialists, manual classification by individuals with a medical background, classification ability verification for the proposed features, and disease recognition by applying the proposed features. The results prove the effectiveness and clinical diagnostic significance of the proposed features and a reliable recognition performance for automatic disease diagnosis. Our research results offer a novel systematic perspective for iridology studies and promote the progress of both theoretical and practical work in iris diagnosis.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)223-231
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 14 Oct 2013


  • Collarette-based feature
  • Disease recognition
  • Iris geometric deformation feature
  • Pupil-based feature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Health Information Management


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