IODetector: A generic service for indoor/outdoor detection

Mo Li, Pengfei Zhou, Yuanqing Zheng, Zhenjiang Li, Guobin Shen

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

44 Citations (Scopus)


� 2014 ACM. The location and context switching, especially the indoor/outdoor switching, provides essential and primitive information for upper-layer mobile applications. In this article, we present IODetector: a lightweight sensing service that runs on the mobile phone and detects the indoor/outdoor environment in a fast, accurate, and efficient manner. Constrained by the energy budget, IODetector primarily leverages lightweight sensing resources, such as light sensors, magnetism sensors, and cell tower signals. For universal applicability, IODetector assumes no prior knowledge (e.g., fingerprints) of the environment and uses only on-board sensors common to mainstream mobile phones. Being a generic and lightweight service component, IODetector greatly benefits many location-based and context-aware applications. We prototype the IODetector on Android mobile phones and evaluate the system comprehensively with data collected from 34 traces that include 133 different places during a 6-week period, employing different phone models. We further perform a case study where we make use of IODetector to instantly infer the GPS availability and localization accuracy in different indoor/outdoor environments.
Original languageEnglish
Article number28
JournalACM Transactions on Sensor Networks
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • C.2.4 [computer communication networks]: distributed systems - distributed applications
  • C.3.3 [special-purpose and application-based systems]: real-time and embedded systems
  • Design
  • GPS availability
  • Implementation
  • Indoor and outdoor detection
  • Measurement
  • Mobile phones

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Networks and Communications

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