Investigations into the local buckling and post-buckling behaviour of fixed-ended hybrid I-section stub columns with slender web

Shuxian Chen, Jun zhi Liu, Tak Ming Chan

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review


It has been known that thin plate can carry loads considerably more than the buckling loads. This phenomenon is defined as the post-buckling behaviour, which is affected by material properties, geometric dimensions and boundary conditions of the plate. Hybrid I-section is a design concept where flanges are made of high strength steel and web is made of lower steel grade. In order to investigate the effect of slender web on the local buckling and post buckling of hybrid I-section under pure compression, experimental studies of twelve fixed-ended I-section stub columns with slender web were conducted. Tensile coupon tests and initial local geometric imperfection measurement were carried out before stub column tests. Experimental and theoretical methods for determining the critical local buckling load of plate elements were discussed, followed by a post-test finite element analysis to investigate the effects of stub column length and sectional steel combination on the buckling behaviour. Based on the experimental and numerical results, it was observed that for specimens which web plate failed by elastic local buckling, the ultimate test loads are affected by the web strength grade, indicating that the unbuckled portion of slender web plate still provides the post-buckling strength for I-section stub columns even after yielding. By comparing the existing design methods with the numerical ultimate loads, it was found that the Eurocode 3 gives the less scattered predictions than the North American code, Australian code and Chinese code, as well as the existing direct strength method and continuous strength method.

Original languageEnglish
Article number110174
JournalThin-Walled Structures
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2023


  • Hybrid I-section
  • Local buckling
  • Post buckling
  • Slender web
  • Stub column

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical Engineering


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