Investigation on the gaseous and particulate emissions of a compression ignition engine fueled with diesel-dimethyl carbonate blends

Chun Shun Cheung, Ruijun Zhu, Zuohua Huang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

59 Citations (Scopus)


The effect of dimethyl carbonate (DMC) on the gaseous and particulate emissions of a diesel engine was investigated using Euro V diesel fuel blended with different proportions of DMC. Combustion analysis shows that, with the blended fuel, the ignition delay and the heat release rate in the premixed combustion phase increase, while the total combustion duration and the fuel consumed in the diffusion combustion phase decrease. Compared with diesel fuel, with an increase of DMC in the blended fuel, the brake thermal efficiency is slightly improved but the brake specific fuel consumption increases. On the emission side, CO increases significantly at low engine load but decreases at high engine load while HC decreases slightly. NOxreduces slightly but the reduction is not statistically significant, while NO2increases slightly. Particulate mass and number concentrations decrease upon using the blended fuel while the geometric mean diameter of the particles shifts towards smaller size. Overall speaking, diesel-DMC blends lead to significant improvement in particulate emissions while the impact on CO, HC and NOxemissions is small.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)523-529
Number of pages7
JournalScience of the Total Environment
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2011


  • Diesel engine
  • Dimethyl carbonate (DMC)
  • Euro V diesel fuel
  • Gaseous and particulate emissions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution

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