Investigation on the dynamic characteristics of the counter-current flow for liquid desiccant dehumidification

Hao Lu, Lin Lu, Yimo Luo, Ronghui Qi

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

37 Citations (Scopus)


The dynamic characteristics of solution film flow with counter-current air flow, especially the two phase contact area, are important for the optimal design and operation of LDD (liquid desiccant dehumidifier). However, the unsteady interfacial information, including the interfacial pressure, velocity and film thickness, is hardly to be examined accurately by theoretical prediction or experimental measurement due to its complexity. In this study, CFD (computational fluid dynamic) models for the counter-current flow of the LDD were established based on the VOF (volume of fraction) and RNG (Renormalization group) k-ε turbulence model. Experimental research had been conducted to validate the liquid film thickness and typical interfacial waves obtained in simulation. With the established model, the dynamic formation process of unsteady counter-current flow is evaluated. Moreover, the effects of various parameters on the liquid film waves, pressure drop, liquid film thickness and interfacial information were obtained and analyzed by the built models. With the increase of liquid flow rate, the roll waves appear and the wave amplitudes are increased significantly, which may obviously enhance the performance in the LDD absorption and regeneration process due to the increased contact area.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)229-238
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 15 Apr 2016


  • Counter-current flow
  • Liquid desiccant dehumidification
  • Numerical simulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Pollution
  • General Energy
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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