Investigation on heat transfer around buried coils of pile foundation heat exchangers for ground-coupled heat pump applications

Wenke Zhang, Hongxing Yang, Lin Lu, Zhaohong Fang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

63 Citations (Scopus)


The application of ground heat exchangers (GHEs) has attracted much attention for its advantages in terms of energy-saving and emission-reduction. Therefore, it is significant to introduce heat transfer into investigation, the paper illustrated the existing heat transfer models in order to analyze the GHEs with buried coils. Line heat source, cylindrical heat source and ring-coil heat source are introduced step by step. For the present, the borehole GHEs are the mainstream, and in recent years pile foundation GHEs have been followed with interest on account of heat transfer superiority as well as lowering initial cost and saving land area. Concerning that groundwater flow exist in geological stratum sometimes, so that the thermal analysis about heat transfer should be composed of two cases, i.e. models under the condition of both pure conduction and combination that include conduction and advection. It is obvious that ring-coil model is on the verge of actual situation for pile foundation GHEs with buried coils from the academic research perspectives, nevertheless for some engineering computation problems which the result error can be permitted in the certain range, other heat transfer models can be chosen in order to simplify the calculation process.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6023-6031
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer
Issue number21-22
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2012


  • Cylindrical heat source
  • Ground heat exchangers
  • Ground-coupled heat pump
  • Line heat source
  • Pile foundation
  • Ring-coil heat source

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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