Investigation on expansion effect of the expansive agents in ultra-high performance concrete

Peiliang Shen, Linnu Lu, Yongjia He, Fazhou Wang, Jianxin Lu, Haibing Zheng, Shuguang Hu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

100 Citations (Scopus)


In this study, the expansion mechanisms of calcium-sulfoaluminates -CaO based expansive agent (CSA-CaO EA) on the volume stability of ultra-high performance concrete (UHPC) were systematically studied. The test results show that the incorporation of CSA-CaO EA is beneficial to reduce the autogenous shrinkage of UHPC effectively due to the formation of additional Ca(OH)2 and ettringite. However, the reduction of early autogenous shrinkage is limited and the cracking risk is still very high when the addition of CSA-CaO EA reaches 15% of binders. According to the results, the factors hindering the expansion effect of CSA-CaO EA include the low w/b ratio, compact microstructure, out-sync of time “window” of expansion and shrinkage and the potential exchange of water between solids. Strategies and experimental validations on improving the shrinkage compensation are discussed. It indicates that the expansive UHPC can be prepared by using an CaO based EA with high reactivity and low water consumption via controlling the time “window” of expansion.

Original languageEnglish
Article number103425
JournalCement and Concrete Composites
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2020


  • Autogenous shrinkage
  • Expansion
  • Expansive agent
  • Hydration
  • Ultra-high performance concrete

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Building and Construction
  • General Materials Science


Dive into the research topics of 'Investigation on expansion effect of the expansive agents in ultra-high performance concrete'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this