Investigation on Economic and Reliable Operation of Meshed MTDC/AC Grid as Impacted by Offshore Wind Farms

Siqi Bu, W. Du, H. F. Wang, Y. Liu, X. Liu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)


The influence of complementarity balancing connected grid and control of offshore wind power generation on the economic and reliable operation of hybrid multiterminal HVDC (MTDC) and AC power system is investigated in the paper. The variances of distribution curve of both transmission loss of AC/DC system and voltage of critical nodes assessed by cumulant-based method are used to demonstrate how the different complementarity conditions, generation balancing strategies, MTDC grid topologies, and control schemes affect power system operation. In this paper, a study case of 16-generator 68-bus power system connected with three offshore wind farms is presented. The variance indices of transmission loss and voltage magnitude are calculated and then compared under different complementarity levels, active power balancing strategies, HVDC transmission systems, and controls, respectively. The analysis reveals that higher complementarity and multi-machine balancing strategy can effectively reduce system operational cost and enhance operational reliability. Compared to the point-to-point topology, the control pattern and parameter setting of multi-terminal topology are two key factors to determine its impact on system operation.
Original languageEnglish
Article number7774980
Pages (from-to)3901-3911
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Power Systems
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2017


  • Balancing
  • complementarity
  • cumulant
  • multi-terminal HVDC
  • offshore wind power generation
  • system operation
  • variance indices

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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