Investigation on air-conditioning load profile and energy consumption of desiccant cooling system for commercial buildings in Hong Kong

Ronghui Qi, Lin Lu, Hongxing Yang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

69 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In Hong Kong, conventional air-conditioning (AC) systems cause a high energy consumption and poor indoor thermal comfort. This paper investigated the AC load profiles of three typical local commercial buildings, i.e. office, hotel and retail, and examined the energy consumption of liquid desiccant cooling system (LDCS) for these buildings. Simulation results showed that the cooling load contributed to more than 98% of total annual load, with high latent load proportion from March to September. The high reheating ratio, i.e. from 60% to 90%, is found to be the main reason for the poor thermal comfort. Therefore, the LDCS which could handle sensible and latent loads separately was proposed. However, the electricity-driven LDCS was found not suitable for local commercial buildings. significant energy saving could be achieved by the solar-assisted LDCS system with thermal storage, when the installation area for solar collectors is larger than the minimum required one, i.e. 9.7 m2/(kW m-2) for office and 12.7 m2/(kW m-2) for hotel buildings. Energy saving of different system types with different installation areas was also studied. The solar-assisted LDCS shows more energy saving in winter but less in summer. Results and conclusions can be useful for researchers and local engineers.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)509-518
Number of pages10
JournalEnergy and Buildings
Volume49
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2012

Keywords

  • Air-conditioning
  • Commercial building
  • Energy consumption
  • Liquid desiccant cooling system
  • Load profile
  • Solar collector

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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