Investigation of the nonlinear optical response from arrays of Au bowtie nanoantennas

Kaspar D. Ko, Anil Kumar, Kin Hung Fung, Raghu Ambekar, Gang Logan Liu, Nicholas X. Fang, Kimani C. Toussaint

Research output: Chapter in book / Conference proceedingConference article published in proceeding or bookAcademic researchpeer-review


We demonstrate that the optical response of a single Au bowtie nano-antenna (BNA) can be favorably modified to increase the local intensity by a factor of 103in the feed gap region when a periodic array of BNAs are used. We use the periodicity of the arrays as an additional degree of freedom in manipulating the optical response and investigate the behavior of the resultant nonlinear emission, which include second harmonic generation (SHG), two-photon photoluminescence (TPPL), and an additional photoluminescence that cannot be attributed to a single multiphoton process. We discuss the effects of the array with respect to the nonlinear emission and also find that the considerable field enhancement of our antenna system leads to a broadband continuum whose spectral response is highly controllable. Resonantly excited arrays of BNAs were seen to exhibit a remarkably uniform emission over 250 nm of the visible spectrum. In addition, our analysis suggests that high field enhancements, as well as resonance matching, may not be the only preconditions for enhanced nonlinear emission. To our knowledge, this is the first report of implementing optical antennas in an array to favorably augment its optical response.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPhotonic and Phononic Properties of Engineered Nanostructures
Publication statusPublished - 13 May 2011
Externally publishedYes
EventPhotonic and Phononic Properties of Engineered Nanostructures - San Francisco, CA, United States
Duration: 24 Jan 201127 Jan 2011


ConferencePhotonic and Phononic Properties of Engineered Nanostructures
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Francisco, CA


  • continuum generation
  • field enhancement
  • nanoantenna
  • Nonlinear optics
  • plasmonic nanostructures

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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