Investigation of the effects of spindle unbalance induced error motion on machining accuracy in ultra-precision diamond turning

P. Huang, Wing Bun Lee, C. Y. Chan

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

51 Citations (Scopus)


In ultra-precision machining, error motions of the aerostatic bearing spindle (ABS) have significant effects on the machining accuracy. Spindle unbalance is a critical factor attributing to error motions of the ABS. Much work currently has been focused on the measurement of error motions and spindle balancing. However, the unbalance induced spindle error motion (UISEM) and the corresponding effects on machining accuracy are not well understood. In this paper, a dynamics model of the ABS was established to characterize the UISEM and its dynamic behavior with consideration of the unbalance effects. A series of groove turning experiments were especially designed to investigate the UISEM. Good agreement between theoretical and experimental results was achieved, demonstrating the low frequency enveloping phenomenon of the error motions of the ABS, identified as the unique superposition effects of two motion components at high frequency in the spindle vibration. In addition, the experimental result reveals that the relative distance between the rotational axis of the ABS and the tool tip varies with respect to the different spindle speeds, significantly degrading the machining accuracy.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)48-56
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2015


  • Aerostatic bearing spindle
  • Spindle dynamics behavior
  • Spindle error motion
  • Ultra-precision diamond turning
  • Unbalance effect

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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