Investigation of particle deposition on a micropatterned surface as an energy-efficient air cleaning technique in ventilation ducting systems

Haolun Xu, Sau Chung Fu, Ka Chung Chan, Christopher Y.H. Chao

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Building ventilation ducting systems play a core role in controlling indoor air quality by recirculating the indoor air and mixing with ambient air. The ventilation system can serve as an air cleaning system itself either through the filtration system or integrating other means, while at the same time, attention to energy consumption is needed. The high-efficiency fibrous filters in a conventional filtration system not only cause high-pressure drops that consume fan energy but also add to the high operation cost. This article proposes an air cleaning technique, aimed at submicron particles, by means of installing patterned surfaces on the walls of ventilation ducts, which can be easily cleaned by water and reused. The effect of patterned surfaces on particle deposition was studied numerically. In the numerical simulation, the Reynolds stress turbulent model was correlated at the near-wall regions by turbulent velocity fluctuation at the normal direction. Particle trajectory was solved by using Lagrangian particle tracking. The numerical model was then validated with a particle deposition experiment. A wind tunnel experiment was carried out to quantify the particle deposition on the semicircular micropatterns for a wide range of heights. Based on our numerical results, the semicircular pattern height of 500 µm with a pitch-to-height ratio (p/e) of 10 has 8.58 times enhancement of the energy efficiency compared with a high-efficiency particulate air filter. Our results indicated that adding surface micropatterns to ventilation ducting for submicron particle deposition is a possible energy-efficient air cleaning technique for practical usage.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1210-1222
Number of pages13
JournalAerosol Science and Technology
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2 Oct 2020


  • Jing Wang

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • General Materials Science
  • Pollution


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