Investigation of parametric effects using medium colour-difference pairs

John Haozhong Xin, Chuen Chuen Lam, M. Ronnier Luo

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)


The article investigates five types of parametric effects in assessing colour difference. The visual assessment experiments were conducted in six phases. The viewing parameters studied include the sample separation, sample size, and the background colours. The dataset prepared in this study includes a total of 107 cotton-dyed pairs belonging to five colour centers. The average colour difference of the sample pairs was about 5.0 CIELAB units. Gray-scale method was used for colour-difference assessment with a panel of 10 observers (2 assessments each). The CIELAB colour-difference formula was found to have the best performance over other formulae using the current dataset. In general, the parametric effects vary from 8-15%. When further analyzing the colour centers, it was found that much larger parametric effects of 42% and 26% were associated, respectively, with green sample pairs assessed on the green background and blue samples pairs assessed on the blue background. The green and blue background colour s in these two cases are very close to the green and blue colour centers selected, which clearly indicates the crispening effect. Col Res Appl.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)376-383
Number of pages8
JournalColor Research and Application
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2001


  • Colour-difference evaluation
  • Crispening effect
  • Gray-scale method
  • Medium colour-difference pairs
  • Parameteic effect

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)

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