Investigating the determinants of contractor's construction and demolition waste management behavior in Mainland China

Zezhou Wu, Tit Wan Yu, Liyin Shen

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

195 Citations (Scopus)


As the implementer of construction activities, the contractor's C&D waste management performance plays an important role in C&D waste minimization. This paper aims to investigate the determinants of the contractor's C&D waste management behavior in Mainland China. The Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) was selected as the basis of the theoretical model. In addition, three contextual constructs (i.e., economic viability, governmental supervision, and project constraints) were introduced, formulating the initial model. Based on the initial model, eight constructs were identified and seven hypotheses were proposed. A questionnaire survey was conducted to collect data and a Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) analysis was employed to test the proposed hypotheses. Results showed that the C&D waste management intention is not a significant determinant of contractor's C&D waste management behavior. The most important determinant is economic viability, followed by governmental supervision as the second most important determinant. Nevertheless, the construct of project constraints is an insignificant determinant for contractor's adoption of C&D waste management behavior. The research findings imply that, in Mainland China, the government, at this stage, plays an important role in guiding and promoting the contractor to exhibit better C&D waste management behavior.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)290-300
Number of pages11
JournalWaste Management
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2017


  • Behavior
  • Construction and demolition waste management
  • Determinant
  • Intention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Waste Management and Disposal

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