Introduction of STEM : Space-Time-Event Model for crime pattern analysis

K. Leong, S. Chan, Vincent To Yee Ng, Chi Keung Simon Shiu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

Abstract

Successful law enforcement depends upon information availability. In criminal knowledge discovery, many techniques have been developed for analysis, mapping, modeling and prediction. However, most approaches treat the spatial and temporal aspects of crime as distinct entities, thus, ignoring the necessary interaction of space and time to produce criminal opportunities. In this study, a new crime pattern analysis model, STEM (Space-Time-Event Model) is presented. The new model allows users to investigate the spatio-temporal patterns of events. We also discuss relevant crime theories and related data mining methods. Two experiments were conduced to test the model. Using STEM, we found strong correlations between holidays and crime clusters. On the other hand, we could not find obvious seasonal dependency, at least in our test data set. These findings are corroborated by related empirical crime studies.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)516-523
Number of pages8
JournalAsian Journal of Information Technology
Volume7
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2008

Keywords

  • Spatial-temporal data mining
  • Crime analysis
  • Data mining
  • Knowledge discovery
  • Association rule
  • Clustering

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atmospheric Science

Cite this