Intrapersonal competencies and service leadership

Tan Lei Shek, Li Lin

Research output: Journal article publicationReview articleAcademic researchpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


Intrapersonal competencies form the foundation of one's development, and they are fundamental qualities of leadership competences. Four types of intelligence are highlighted in the literature of positive psychology: intelligence quotient (IQ), emotional intelligence quotient (EQ), adversity quotient (AQ) and spiritual intelligence quotient (SQ). It is argued that these competences are important in a service leader. Through this lecture, it is expected that students will understand the basic concepts and the importance of different intrapersonal competencies (IQ, EQ, AQ and SQ). We also discuss the relationship between these intrapersonal competencies and effective service leadership. Finally, ways to promote different intrapersonal competencies are depicted.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)255-263
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal on Disability and Human Development
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015


  • adversity
  • emotional intelligence
  • intelligence
  • resilience
  • spirituality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Sensory Systems
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Advanced and Specialised Nursing
  • Speech and Hearing


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