Stroke patients with carotid disease have a high risk of recurrence of disease. By measuring cerebral blood flow volume (BFV) using extracranial duplex technique for clinical estimation of intracranial collaterals, we aimed to investigate the relationship between the presence of intracranial collaterals and stroke recurrence in stroke patients with carotid disease. Consecutive stroke patients indicated for carotid duplex ultrasound investigations in our hospital were recruited during three years' period. Carotid stenosis was diagnosed as ≥50% stenosis and extracranial arterial BFV was measured by using color velocity imaging quantification ultrasound (CVIQ) software. Presence of intracranial collateral flow was defined as a blood flow volume of either ≥370 mL/min in common carotid artery or ≥120 mL/min in vertebral artery. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to determine the independent predictors of recurrent stroke. One hundred and twelve stroke patients (19.1%) with ≥50% carotid stenosis were recruited from consecutive ischemic stroke patients. During a mean follow-up of 28.6±13.1 months, recurrent stroke was recorded in 32 (28.6%) out of the total recruited patients. Estimated by blood flow volume measured by CVIQ, the patients with intracranial collateral flow had a lower rate of recurrent stroke than those without (9.5% vs. 33%, P=0.032). After adjusting for potential confounders, the presence of CVIQ-estimated intracranial collateral flow was an independent protector of recurrent stroke (OR, 0.169; 95% CI, 0.034-0.842; P=0.03). It could be concluded that blood supply through intracranial collateral flow estimated by CVIQ technique may protect stroke patients with carotid stenosis from suffering recurrent stroke.
- carotid stenosis
- Collateral circulation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Developmental Neuroscience
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience