Improvement in burn care has led to more patients surviving the injury but has also led to more burn survivors requiring rehabilitation for a protracted period after discharge. Thus, this review sought to map the intervention content and outcomes associated with existing postdischarge rehabilitation programs for adults surviving major burns. A systematic scoping review approach was utilized. The Template for Intervention Description and Replication (TIDieR) and core outcome set for adult burn survivors were used to guide data extraction following which a narrative synthesis was undertaken. In all, 23 papers were retained in the review. Following discharge and up to 1 year postburn, the components of the rehabilitation programs comprised of physical, psychological, and social components. Beyond 1 year postburn, the rehabilitation programs demonstrated a preponderance of physical therapies. Support for family members was not highlighted in the included studies. Outcomes of rehabilitation programs up to 1 year postburn covered the seven core outcome domains. Outcomes associated with rehabilitation programs beyond 1 year postburn were, however, limited to the perceived quality of life, neuromuscular, and physical role functioning domains. Although most studies reported statistically significant findings, the outcome measures varied across studies which makes it difficult to draw overarching conclusions. The findings suggest that long-Term rehabilitation programs for adult burn survivors are lacking. More robust studies are also needed to examine community participation outcomes associated with burns rehabilitation programs. The nature of burns and its far-reaching consequences suggest a patient-and family-centered approach to rehabilitation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Emergency Medicine