International tunnel fire-safety design practices

Paul C. Miclea, Wan Ki Chow, Shen Wen Chien, Junmei Li, Ahmed H. Kashef, Kang Kai

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)


The catastrophic consequences of the tunnel fires (e.g., the Mont Blanc tunnel, 1999, the Austrian Kaprun funicular tunnel, 2000, and the Swiss St. Gotthard tunnel, 2001) not only resulted in loss of life, severe property damages, but also left the public with a lack of confidence in using such systems. Fire safety in rail and road tunnels is challenging because of the specific features of the tunnel environment. The sustainability of existing tunnels, given the increased road traffic and changed vehicle mix, or the new rolling stocks, needs innovative design practices. For example, reliable and early fire detection in tunnels can provide the tunnel operator with early warnings of fire and its location, allowing for timely activation of the emergency response such as the emergency ventilation system.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)50-60
Number of pages11
JournalASHRAE Journal
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical Engineering


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