Interfacial Tm3+ moment-driven anomalous Hall effect in Pt/Tm3Fe5O12 heterostructure

Yu Kuai Liu, Hon Fai Wong, Sheung Mei Ng, Chee Leung Mak, Chi Wah Leung

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review


We performed anomalous Hall effect (AHE) measurements in Pt/Tm3Fe5O12 (Pt/TmIG) bilayers grown on (1 1 0) and (1 1 1)-oriented Gd3Ga5O12 (GGG) substrates (Pt/110TmIG and Pt/111TmIG). Qualitative differences were observed in the two sets of samples: at low magnetic fields only Pt/111TmIG displays square AHE loop, while Pt/110TmIG exhibits non-hysteretic AHE behavior. Systematic temperature-dependent AHE measurements in Pt/111TmIG showed double switching events of AHE loops below 30 K, which was attributed to the larger moment of Tm3+ sublattice at low temperatures and was consistent with earlier theoretical calculations [A. Lehmann-Szweykowska et al., Phys. Rev. B 37, 459 (1988)]. Our results confirmed the strong coupling of Tm3+ magnetic moment with the lattice and the crucial role of the interfacial structure, suggesting a way to detect rare earth moment switching in iron garnets by electrical measurements.

Original languageEnglish
Article number166454
JournalJournal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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