A new popular method for retrofitting reinforced concrete beams and slabs is to bond fiber-reinforced plastic (FRP) plates to the soffit. An important failure mode for such strengthened members is the debonding of the FRP plate from the member due to high interfacial stresses near the plate ends. Accurate predictions of the interfacial stresses are a prerequisite for designing against debonding failures. In this paper, a theoretical interfacial stress analysis is presented for simply supported beams and slabs bonded with a thin FRP composite or steel plate and subjected to a uniformly distributed load in combination with a uniform bending moment. The analysis leads to an exact closed-form solution, in which a plane stress model is used for beams and a plane strain model is used for slabs. The salient features of the new analysis include the consideration of nonuniform stress distributions in and the satisfaction of the stress boundary conditions at the ends of the adhesive layer. Numerical results from the present analysis are presented both to demonstrate the advantages of the present solution over existing ones and to illustrate the main characteristics of interfacial stress distributions in beams and slabs.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Engineering Mechanics|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Apr 2001|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering