Interfacial Polarization and Dual Charge Transfer Induced High Permittivity of Carbon Dots-Based Composite as Humidity-Resistant Tribomaterial for Efficient Biomechanical Energy Harvesting

Zihua Li, Bingang Xu, Jing Han, Junxian Huang, King Yan Chung

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

Abstract

Tribopositive, scalable, and biocompatible materials are highly desired for high-performance triboelectric nanogenerators (TENGs). In this study, polyethylenimine (PEI) functionalized N-doped carbon dots (NCDs-PEI) are synthesized and a novel approach to develop high-output TENGs by incorporating high permittivity NCDs-PEI into polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) as the tribopositive composite (CPP composite) is proposed for the first time. By systematically manipulating the mass ratio of NCDs/PVA and PEI-functionalized concentration, the optimized CPP composite-based TENGs (CPP-TENGs) reveal a remarkable enhancement in power density by 28.5 times as compared with pure PVA-based TENGs. The considerable electric outputs of CPP-TENGs can be attributed to the synergistic effect of interfacial polarization enhanced permittivity of CPP composite and boosted surface charge density induced by dual charge transfer pathways. Moreover, CPP-TENGs present superior high-output stability, durability, and humidity-resistance, and can also effectively drive electronics at different humidity and monitor human body movements. This work renders a simple, feasible, and scalable pathway to boost the electrical performance of TENGs for biomotion energy harvesting as well as providing insights for exploiting novel tribomaterials in the development of high-output TENGs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2101294
JournalAdvanced Energy Materials
Volume11
Issue number30
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 Aug 2021

Keywords

  • carbon dots
  • dual charge transfer
  • interfacial polarization
  • polyvinyl alcohol
  • triboelectric nanogenerators

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Materials Science(all)

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