Interfacial intermetallic growth and mechanical properties of carbon nanotubes reinforced Sn3.5Ag0.5Cu solder joint under current stressing

Sha Xu, Yan Cheong Chan, Kaili Zhang, Kam Chuen Yung

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

100 Citations (Scopus)


In this work, multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) with various weight percentages of 0.01 wt%, 0.05 wt%, 0.1 wt% were incorporated into Sn3.5Ag0.5Cu (SAC) solder matrix by mechanical blending followed by reflow process. The microstructure with interfacial intermetallics (IMCs) growth were investigated after aging at 100 C and a current density of 1.2 × 104A/cm2for 336 h. CNTs were found to be homogeneously dispersed into the solder matrix by EDX analysis. Experimental results revealed that microporosities existed in some areas of doped solders, which retarded the formation of Ag3Sn IMCs. The growth of IMCs for CNTs reinforced solders was less significantly than that of the plain solder, because CNTs affected the reaction mechanisms of both Cu5Sn6and Cu3Sn at the anode side and alleviated IMCs growth and solder dissolution into Cu substrate at the cathode side. A slight decrease in melting temperature for CNT reinforced solders was found compared to that of the plain solder. The CNT doped solders demonstrated promising improved shear strength and hardness.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)92-102
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Publication statusPublished - 15 May 2014


  • Carbon nanotube
  • IMC growth
  • Lead-free solder
  • Mechanical property

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

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