Interface Engineering of a 2D-C3N4/NiFe-LDH Heterostructure for Highly Efficient Photocatalytic Hydrogen Evolution

Jia Yan, Xiandi Zhang, Weiran Zheng, Lawrence Yoon Suk Lee (Corresponding Author)

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


Photocatalytic water splitting offers an economic and sustainable pathway for producing hydrogen as a zero-emission fuel, but it still suffers from low efficiencies limited by visible-light absorption capacity and charge separation kinetics. Herein, we report an interface-engineered 2D-C3N4/NiFe layered double hydroxide (CN/LDH) heterostructure that shows highly enhanced photocatalytic hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) rate with excellent long-term stability. The morphology and band gap structure of NiFe-LDH are precisely regulated by employing NH4F as a structure-directing agent, which enables a fine interfacial tuning via coupling with 2D-C3N4. The formation of a type II interface in CN/LDH enlarges the active surface area and promotes the charge separation efficiency, leading to an HER rate of 3087 μmol g-1 h-1, which is 14 times higher than that of 2D-C3N4. This study highlights a rational interface engineering strategy for the formation of a heterostructure with a proper hole transport co-catalyst for designing effective water-splitting photocatalysts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)24723–24733
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Issue number21
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jun 2021


  • carbon nitride
  • hydrogen evolution reaction
  • interface engineering
  • layered double hydroxide
  • photocatalysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

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