Interaction of a planar shock wave and a water droplet embedded with a vapour cavity

Yu Liang, Yazhong Jiang, Chih Yung Wen, Yao Liu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


The interaction of a shock wave and a water droplet embedded with a vapour cavity is experimentally investigated in a shock tube for the first time. The vapour cavity inside the droplet is generated by decreasing the surrounding pressure to the saturation pressure, and an equilibrium between the liquid phase and the gas phase is obtained inside the droplet. Direct high-speed photography is adopted to capture the evolution of both the droplet and the vapour cavity. The formation of a transverse jet inside the droplet during the cavity-collapse stage is clearly observed. Soon afterwards, at the downstream pole of the droplet, a water jet penetrating into the surrounding air is observed during the cavity-expansion stage. The evolution of the droplet is strongly influenced by the evolution of the vapour cavity. The phase change process plays an important role in vapour cavity evolution. The effects of the relative size and eccentricity of the cavity on the movement and deformation of the droplet are presented quantitatively.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberR6
JournalJournal of Fluid Mechanics
Publication statusPublished - 6 Jan 2020


  • drops
  • gas/liquid flows
  • shock waves

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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