Intensive upconversion luminescence of na-codoped rare-earth oxides with a novel RE-Na heterometallic complex as precursor

Xiang Jun Zheng, Ayjamal Ablet, Christie Ng, Wing Tak Wong

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


Four novel heterometallic RE-Na-organic frameworks, [(RE)Na3(PZTC)2(H2O)4]·2H2O (RE = Yb (1), Ho (2), Er (3), Y (4); PZTC = pyrazine-2,3,5- tricarboxylate), were synthesized via solvothermal reactions and characterized by IR, elemental analysis, and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The results show that the four complexes are isostructural. In the frameworks, the trinuclear Na cluster and RE ion acting as nodes are bridged by the multifunctional PZTC ligand to give a 3-D framework. Codoping in the frameworks was realized due to their isostructural characteristics. The codoped complexes were calcinated at 800 °C to give rise to the corresponding oxides. Investigation of their photophysical properties shows that the upconversion luminescence (UCL) of the Ho system is green while that of the Er system is red upon excitation at 980 nm. With regard to the luminescence color and intensity, the Er system is preferable to the Ho system for application in bioimaging. Both the red and the green UCL of the Ho3+and Er3+systems involve a two-photon process. In addition, the UCL mechanism is given. The UCL comparison of Na-doped oxides with non-Na-doped oxides indicates that doping Na can greatly enhance the UCL of the Er system.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6788-6793
Number of pages6
JournalInorganic Chemistry
Issue number13
Publication statusPublished - 7 Jul 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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