Integrity is one critical performance indicator for navigation in safety-critical applications such as autonomous vehicles. Alert limit is one of the representative parameters in integrity monitoring which defines the maximum tolerable positioning error for an operation to safely proceed. But the integrity requirements for global navigation satellite system (GNSS) assessment are quite different from those for other applications. For autonomous vehicles, a reasonable alert limit needs to ensure the vehicle security and take full advantage of the space between vehicle and lane as much as possible. Based on the analysis of integrity application differences from civil aviation to autonomous vehicles, an improved alert limit determination method is proposed in this paper. The kinematic model is firstly introduced into the online determination of alert limit. The integrity risk on two sides are allocated optimally respect to the road geometry and kinematic model. The fixed cuboid bounding box is replaced by a subversive fan-shaped bounding box which is more reasonable to cover the safety-critical areas. The discussion compared with the Ford model also verified the superiority of the proposed method. Finally the paper also gives the alert limits calculated based on the Chinese standards and hopefully it could provide some references for the navigation integrity assessment for autonomous vehicles.
|Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part D: Journal of Automobile Engineering
|Accepted/In press - 22 Oct 2020
- alert limit
- autonomous vehicles
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Aerospace Engineering
- Mechanical Engineering