Integrated Sensing and Communication for Symbiotic Radio Systems in Mobile Scenarios

Qin Tao, Xiaoling Hu, Shuowen Zhang, Caijun Zhong

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review


This paper presents a study on the integrated sensing and communication (ISAC) for symbiotic radio systems in mobile scenarios, where the receiver shared by the primary and secondary systems is capable of locating the moving object of secondary systems via estimating the direction of arrival (DoA), and detecting the symbols for both systems. For the considered symbiotic radio systems, the strong interference from the primary systems and moving object pose significant challenges for location sensing. Moreover, the symbol detection for symbiotic radio systems typically relies on channel state information (CSI), which would reduce the spectrum efficiency substantially. To address these challenges, this paper proposes a low-complexity and high-accuracy two-dimension DoA estimator based on the ratio of dual points on the main lobe using a single snapshot. The theoretical performance in terms of effective sensing probability and mean square error for the proposed estimator are provided in closed-form. To eliminate the dependence of symbol detection on CSI, we propose to fully capture the characteristic of the ISAC systems and introduce two types of DoA-assisted detectors to detect both the primary and secondary symbols. Specifically, the reciprocal linear detectors that use heuristic linear combiners and iterative detection to achieve mutual benefit for both transmissions, as well as a Manchester detector that can separate the primary and secondary signals, are proposed. Finally, the numerical results are provided to validate the correctness of the theoretical analysis, and demonstrate the superiority of the proposed DoA estimator and DoA-assisted detectors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1
Number of pages1
JournalIEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2024


  • Detectors
  • Direction-of-arrival estimation
  • DoA
  • Integration of sensing and communication
  • intelligent reflecting surface
  • Internet of Things
  • Receivers
  • Sensors
  • Symbiosis
  • symbiotic radio
  • symbol detection
  • Symbols

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics


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