Integrated multi-type sensor placement and response reconstruction method for high-rise buildings under unknown seismic loading

Rongpan Hu, Youlin Xu, Xiao Lu, Chaodong Zhang, Qilin Zhang, Jiemin Ding

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


Structural health monitoring system has been implemented on high-rise buildings to provide real-time measurement of structural responses for evaluating their serviceability, safety, and sustainability. However, because of the complex structural configuration of a high-rise building and the limited number of sensors installed in the building, the complete evaluation of structural performance of the building in terms of the information directly recorded by a structural health monitoring system is almost impossible. This is particularly true when seismic-induced ground motion is unknown. This paper thus proposes an integrated method that enables the optimal placement of multi-type sensors on a high-rise building on one hand and the reconstruction of structural responses and excitations using the information from the optimally located sensors on the other hand. The structural responses measured from multi-type sensors are fused to estimate the full state of the building in the modal coordinates using Kalman filters, from which the structural responses at unmeasured locations and the seismic-induced ground motion can be reconstructed. The optimal multi-type sensor placement is simultaneously achieved by minimizing the overall estimation errors of structural responses at the locations of interest to a desired target level. A numerical study using a simplified finite element model of a high-rise building is performed to illustrate the effectiveness and accuracy of the proposed method. The numerical results show that by using 3 types of sensors (inclinometers, Global Positioning System, and accelerometers), the proposed method offers an effective way to design a multi-type sensor system, and the multi-type sensors at their optimal locations can produce sufficient information on the response and excitation reconstruction.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere1453
JournalStructural Design of Tall and Special Buildings
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 25 Apr 2018


  • high-rise buildings
  • Kalman filter
  • multi-type sensor system
  • optimal sensor placement
  • response and excitation reconstruction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Architecture
  • Building and Construction


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