Integrated GIS and expert system framework for redistricting

Wen Zhong Shi, Joanna Leung

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review


This paper presents a study on the integration of geographical information systems (GIS) and expert system technologies for the purpose of reorganizing area boundaries (redistricting). Within this framework, GIS provides functions for spatial data modelling and analysis, while the expert system handles the rules used for redistricting. Based on Arc/Info GIS and the M4 expert system, a prototype artificial intelligence redistricting system (AIRS) was developed and tested in this study.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)99-105
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Global and Planetary Change
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Computers in Earth Sciences
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


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