Insurance incentive to shippers by a container port: Issues of risk management in supply chain finance

Hoi Lam Ma, Lawrence C. Leung, Sai Ho Chung (Corresponding Author), Collin Wai Hung Wong

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Letter of credit (LC) plays an important role in supporting financial activities and facilitating transactions in supply chain finance. An LC provides an option for advance payment by shippers (buyers) to exporters (suppliers). The payment is made by financial companies. For risk management, financial companies usually require shippers to insure their goods. The selection of shipping port designations and transshipment ports is a commonly listed LC clause. Thus, a container port could consider providing shipping insurance subsidies along with the quality port service to attract shippers. Recently, facility sharing (FS) has been adopted by the Hong Kong Port (HKP) to reduce operating costs at terminals. We study the shipping insurance subsidies provided to shipper by the HKP utilising the benefits of FS. Our research is based on real-life data. We propose an insurance incentive strategy (IIS) as a profit maximisation problem and examine the relationship between the optimal capacity for transshipment, insurance rate, FS cost savings, and benefits of the IIS. Our results demonstrate that the IIS could lead to a win–win situation for shippers and container ports. We observed that the IIS could reduce the risk in supply chain finance and strengthen the partnership between port operators, liners, shippers, financial companies, and insurance companies. The total shipping insurance cost can be reduced with improved credibility and economies of scale. We also discuss different scenarios that are particularly desirable for the adoption of IIS.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAnnals of Operations Research
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2022


  • Letter of credit
  • Shipping insurance
  • Supply chain finance
  • Supply chain risk management

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Decision Sciences
  • Management Science and Operations Research


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