Insulin-like growth factor I increases renal 1,25(OH)2D3, biosynthesis during low-P diet in adult rats

Man Sau Wong, Sutin Sriussadaporn, Vrishali A. Tembe, Murray J. Favus

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13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Dietary P restriction increases renal 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3[1,25(OH)2D3] biosynthesis through stimulation of proximal tubule 25- hydroxyvitamin D3-1α-ahydroxylase (1-OHase). Because insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) is required for 1-OHase stimulation by low-P diet (LPD) and because 1-OHase stimulation by low-Ca diet and parathyroid hormone is lost with aging, studies were undertaken to determine whether 1-OHase activity during LPD is impaired with age and whether IGF-I can increase 1-OHase activity in adult rats. Five days of LPD increased in vitro 1-OHase activity in young (97.3 ± 13.5 vs. 49.7 ± 6.8 pg·mg protein-1. 5 min-1, P < 0.005) but not adult (42.3 ± 5.37 vs. 41.2 ± 8.9) rats. In LPD-fed adult rats, recombinant human IGF-I (rhIGF-I, 1.4 mg·kg body wt-1·day-) for 72 h increased 1-OHase (65.2 ± 5.88 vs. 95.1 ± 7.26 pg·mg protein1·5 min-1, P < 0.005). The results show that the rise in 1-OHase activity during LPD is lost in adult rats and that rhIGF-I can overcome the inhibition and stimulate renal 1-OHase activity to levels observed in young animals. The studies indicate that the age-related loss of 1-OHase activity is reversible.
Original languageEnglish
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Renal Physiology
Volume272
Issue number6 41-6
Publication statusPublished - 22 Sep 1997
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • 25-hydroxyvitamin D3-1α-hydroxylase
  • Calcium
  • Miniosmotic pump
  • Proximal tubule
  • Serum 1,25- dihydroxyvitamin D 3

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Urology

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