Insulating Polymers for Enhancing the Efficiency of Nonfullerene Organic Solar Cells

Meng Wang, Shenghua Liu, Peng You, Naixiang Wang, Guanqi Tang, Qian Miao, Feng Yan

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


A series of insulating polymers are used as additives in nonfullerene organic solar cells (OSCs) for the first time. A significant relative power conversion efficiency (PCE) enhancement of up to 16% is observed with an introduction of polystyrene for only 5.0 wt% into the active layer of OSCs. Other insulating polymers possessing linear nonconjugated backbones with different side chains are also incorporated into OSCs and the resultant PCE enhancement decreases with the decrease in the side chain size. Another important issue that is noted is the glass transition temperature of the polymer additive. When the glass transition temperature is higher than the thermal annealing temperature of the active layer, the polymer additive plays a negative effect on the device performance and the device efficiency decreases monotonically with the increase in addition amount. So the effect of the insulating polymer additives in nonfullerene OSCs can be attributed to the reconstruction of the active layer films, which increases the crystallinity, carrier mobility, and carrier lifetime of the organic semiconductors in the bulk heterojunction of the devices. This work provides a guideline for the selection of polymer additives in OSCs apart from the consideration on the optoelectronic property of the additives.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2000013
JournalSolar RRL
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2020


  • additives
  • glass transition temperatures
  • insulating polymers
  • nonfullerenes
  • organic solar cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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