Instantaneous frequency regulation of microgrids via power shedding of smart load and power limiting of renewable generation

Shuo Yan, Ming Hao Wang, Tian Bo Yang, S. Y.Ron Hui

Research output: Chapter in book / Conference proceedingConference article published in proceeding or bookAcademic researchpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, a collaborative control scheme is proposed to improve the stability of the microgrid with intermittent renewable energy sources. Different from other cooperative control schemes targeting mostly on regulating the generation side, the proposed operating scheme utilizes all controllable resources in the microgrid, including renewable energy sources (RESs), storage devices, and controllable loads. A modified maximum power point tracking (MPPT) scheme is proposed for RESs in limiting its power output when frequency surges over its upper limit. The adaptive/smart load enabled by the electric spring (ES) reduces the power demand when the frequency falls below the lower limit. Both operating schemes for RES and adaptive/smart load can be activated when the storage system fails to respond to disturbances. The proposed collaborative scheme can be enacted in an instantaneous manner and is easy to implement by simply modifying the control of RES and adaptive/smart load. Simulation results have confirmed that the proposed scheme is efficient in reducing the frequency oscillation in a microgrid.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationECCE 2016 - IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition, Proceedings
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9781509007370
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Event2016 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition, ECCE 2016 - Milwaukee, United States
Duration: 18 Sep 201622 Sep 2016

Publication series

NameECCE 2016 - IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition, Proceedings


Conference2016 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition, ECCE 2016
Country/TerritoryUnited States


  • adaptive load
  • coordinative control
  • Microgrid
  • power limiting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Control and Optimization

Cite this