Insomnia in adolescents: Prevalence, help-seeking behaviors, and types of interventions

Ka Fai Chung, Katherine Ka Ki Kan, Wing Fai Yeung

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Little is known about the DSM-IV diagnosis of insomnia among adolescents. Their help-seeking behaviors and self-help strategies for insomnia remain largely unclear. Method: A cross-sectional, interview-based study of 290 Chinese adolescents. Results: The prevalence of insomnia symptoms was 40%, among which 9.3% had DSM-IV insomnia. Primary insomnia accounted for 7.9%, whereas insomnia associated with psychiatric disorders constituted 1.4%. Adolescents with DSM-IV insomnia had more severe and frequent insomnia, higher GHQ scores, and were more likely to have a history of sleep paralysis than those with insomnia symptoms alone. About 22% of adolescents with insomnia symptoms sought help and 32% attempted various strategies to improve sleep. Conclusions: Many adolescents were troubled by insomnia, but they seldom sought help from healthcare professionals or received proper treatments.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)57-63
Number of pages7
JournalChild and Adolescent Mental Health
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Adolescents
  • Chinese
  • Epidemiology
  • Insomnia
  • Prevalence
  • Treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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