Insights into protective effects of medium additives on animal cells under fluid stresses: The hydrophobic interactions

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3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Animal cells in suspension culture can suffer severe mechanical damage from bursting gas bubbles or other hydrodynamic force sources. Certain chemical additives in the culture media, particularly some surface-active chemicals, can effectively protect animal cells against such damage. Previously we proposed that the protective effect is associated with the adsorption of the additives in the cell membrane through hydrophobic binding of the surface-active molecules to the membrane. Adsorption of the additives to the cell membrane may lead to decreased hydrophobicity of the cell surface, thus eliminating cell adhesion to bubbles and reducing cell damage from bursting bubbles. In this study, we measured the hydrophobicity of two insect cell lines based on cell adhesion to hydrocarbon phase and its influence by surface-active chemicals, Pluronic F68, a methylcellulose and a polyethylene glycol. The experimental results showed strong support for the aforecited cell protection mechanism.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)103-109
Number of pages7
JournalCytotechnology
Volume22
Issue number1-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1996

Keywords

  • cell hydrophobicity
  • protective additives
  • surface-active chemicals

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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