Insect-repellent textiles

J. H. Xin, X. W. Wang

Research output: Chapter in book / Conference proceedingChapter in an edited book (as author)Academic researchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Insect-repellent textiles provide an important protection against insect bites and thus the infection of insect-borne diseases and poison. This chapter outlines the categories of insect-repellent materials currently used in terms of natural and synthetic substances and the technologies of synthesis and preparation of insect-repellent agents for textile finishing, such as nanoemulation and nano- and microencapsulation. It also describes various techniques of imparting the repellency onto the textile substrate, which consist of the conventional dip-pad-dry-cure, garment finishing, spray, and rinse cycle in laundry. The insect-repellency and knock-down assessments to determine the efficacy of the treated textile against mosquitos are also described. There are many factors that influence the efficacy of the insect-repellency attributable to the types of insecticidal or repellent substances used, types of preparation techniques used, and types of treatment processes used.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEngineering of High-Performance Textiles
PublisherElsevier
Pages335-348
Number of pages14
ISBN (Electronic)9780081012734
ISBN (Print)9780081018859
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 Sep 2017

Keywords

  • Arthropods
  • Insect-repellent textiles
  • Microencapsulation
  • Nanoemulsion
  • Natural insect-repellents
  • Permethrin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)

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