Initiation of oblique detonation waves induced by a blunt wedge in stoichiometric hydrogen-air mixtures

Yishen Fang, Zijian Zhang, Zongmin Hu, Xi Deng

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)


Two-dimensional, oblique detonation waves (ODWs) in a stoichiometric hydrogen-air mixture are simulated with the reactive Euler equations using a detailed chemical reaction model. This study focuses on blunt wedge induced ODWs, which are not only influenced by inflow parameters but also the size of the blunt body. With the inflow parameters of flight altitude of 30 km and flight Mach number M0 of 8-10, the numerical results demonstrate that the blunt wedge is crucial to initiate the ODW. In the case of M0=10, the straight wedge without the blunt forebody can initiate the detonation. However, decreasing M0 causes the failure of initiation, which can be compensated by increasing the radius R0 of the blunt forebody. By adjusting R0, two initiation procedures are observed and distinguished: one is the wedge-induced initiation and the other is the blunt forebody-induced initiation. Although both have been independently studied before, in this study, their coexistence is demonstrated, and the mechanism is analyzed for the first time. A theoretical analysis based on the classic initiation theory is performed to elucidate the initiation mechanism, giving a good agreement between the critical radius with numerical results.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)676-684
Number of pages9
JournalAerospace Science and Technology
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Blunt wedge
  • Hydrogen
  • Initiation
  • Oblique detonation wave

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aerospace Engineering


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