Inhibition of proteasome activity in Gleditsia sinensis fruit extract-mediated apoptosis on human carcinoma cells.

Filly Cheung, Chung Hin Chui, Albert Sun Chi Chan, Fung Yi Lau, Gregory Yin Ming Cheng, Raymond Siu Ming Wong, Stanton Hon Lung Kok, Ivy Tuang Ngo Teo, Chor Hing Cheng, Cheuk On Tang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)


The anomalous fruit extract of Gleditsia sinensis (GSE) was shown to possess anticancer potential on various solid tumour and leukaemia cell lines in vitro. We have recently demonstrated that the mitochondrial-dependent apoptotic pathway including mitochondrial membrane potential depolarization, changes in the level of reactive oxygen species and activation of caspase 3 were recruited in GSE-induced apoptosis. Whether receptor-dependent APO-1/Fas apoptotic pathway is also involved remains uncertain. Using two solid tumour cell lines, the HepG2 hepatoblastoma carcinoma cells and MDA-MB231 breast cancer cells, we demonstrated that the Fas ligand and Fas receptor protein levels did not have significant variation after GSE incubation. Caspase 8 activity increased only weakly when compared with that of caspase 3. The chrymotrypsin-like activity of proteasome was partially inhibited up to 30-40% when compared with the untreated control. Taken together, we believe that GSE- mediated apoptosis on HepG2 and MDA-MB231 carcinoma cells is mainly dictated by the mitochondrial-dependent pathway while inhibition of proteasome activity may also be involved in GSE-induced apoptosis.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)925-929
Number of pages5
JournalInternational journal of molecular medicine.
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2005
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics

Cite this