Influence of occupant behavior for building energy conservation: A systematic review study of diverse modeling and simulation approach

Mohammad Nyme Uddin, Hsi Hsien Wei, Hung Lin Chi, Meng Ni

Research output: Journal article publicationReview articleAcademic researchpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Energy consumption in buildings depends on several physical factors, including its physical characteristics, various building services systems/appliances used, and the outdoor environment. However, the occupants’ behavior that determines and regulates the building energy conservation also plays a critical role in the buildings’ energy performance. Compared to physical factors, there are relatively fewer studies on occupants’ behavior. This paper reports a systematic review analysis on occupant behavior and different modeling approaches using the Scopus and Science Direct databases. The comprehensive review study focuses on the current understanding of occupant behavior, existing behavior modeling approaches and their limitations, and key influential parameters on building energy conservation. Finally, the study identifies six significant research gaps for future development: Occupant-centered space layout deployment; occupant behavior must be understood in the context of developing or low-income economies; there are higher numbers of quantitative occupant behavior studies than qualitative; the extensive use of survey or secondary data and the lack of real data used in model validation; behavior studies are required for diverse categories building; building information modeling (BIM) integration with existing occupant behavior modeling/simulation. These checklists of the gaps are beneficial for researchers to accomplish the future research in the built environment.

Original languageEnglish
Article number41
Pages (from-to)1-27
Number of pages27
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2021


  • Building
  • Energy conservation
  • Modeling
  • Occupant behavior

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Architecture
  • Building and Construction

Cite this