Influence of Ni4Ti3 precipitation on martensitic transformations in NiTi shape memory alloy: R phase transformation

Jiaming Zhu, Hong Hui Wu, Yuan Wu, Haoliang Wang, Tianlong Zhang, Hu Xiao, Yunzhi Wang, San Qiang Shi

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Precipitation of Ni4Ti3 is effective in tuning martensitic transformations (MTs) in NiTi shape memory alloys (SMAs). However, several fundamental issues concerning the influence of Ni4Ti3 on MTs remain unclear. In this study, the microstructure evolution process during precipitation and its influence on B2→R MT are investigated using computer simulations based on the phase field method. In particular, the roles played by Ni concentration gradient in the B2 matrix and internal coherency stress fields associated with different precipitate microstructures are analyzed in detail. It is found that Ni concentration gradient in the B2 matrix created by Ni4Ti3 precipitates alters significantly local martensitic start temperature and the overall MT behavior, while the internal coherency stress field associated with the Ni4Ti3 precipitates dictates the structure of martensitic domains via variant selection. The latter effect makes it promising to develop Invar alloys via stress-ageing to tailor the precipitate microstructure. These findings provide fundamental insights into the mechanism controlling the MT behavior in precipitate-bearing SMAs and provide guidance for the design of thermomechanical treatment for desired precipitate microstructures and the corresponding MT behavior.

Original languageEnglish
Article number116665
JournalActa Materialia
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2021


  • Martensitic transformation
  • NiTi precipitates
  • Phase field method
  • R phase transformation
  • Shape memory alloy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Metals and Alloys

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