Ionic mobilities of Y3+ and Al3+ are controlled using either amorphous or well-crystallized precursors and enhanced by the addition of molten NaCl flux. Experimental results indicate that phase transformation prefers a relatively slow reaction route via YAM-YAP-YAG because of limited ionic mobility when either Y3+ or Al3+ is confined to a crystallized structure. The selection of intermediate phases can be either Y-rich (YAM) or Al-rich (YAP), depending on the competition of ionic mobility between Y3+ and Al3+ during phase transformation. The YAH-YAG route is selected only when the ionic mobility of Y3+ or Al3+ is high enough to induce a nucleation and growth reaction while a certain degree of stoichiometric inhomogeneity is presented; otherwise YAG is crystallized directly from amorphous precursors without passing through any intermediate phase.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of the European Ceramic Society|
|Publication status||Published - 15 Oct 2011|
- Diffusion: Microstructural-final
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Ceramics and Composites
- Materials Chemistry