Influence of impurities on dynamic hysteresis of magnetization reversal

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16 Citations (Scopus)


The effects of impurities on driving-rate-dependent energy loss in ferromagnets are investigated by analyzing several well-defined models for magnetization reversal. The random-field Ising models are analyzed using a mean-field approximation and Monte Carlo simulation. The hysteresis loop area A is found to obey a universal scaling relation with respect to the linear driving rates h of the applied field, A-A0∞hβ. The scaling exponent β is found independent of the disorder strength D. In a random-field spherical model, the energy loss increases as a power law with the driving rate A∞hβ(D). The scaling exponent β(D) increases with increasing D. These results indicate that the scaling and universality for the field-driven first-order phase transition can be understood in the framework of dynamic hysteresis.
Original languageEnglish
Article number054406
Pages (from-to)544061-544067
Number of pages7
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2002
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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