Influence of different factors on coordination of two cascaded SPDs

Ziyu He, Ya Ping Du

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Surge protective devices (SPDs) are the essential devices for the protection of low-voltage electrical equipment against in-rushing surges. This article presents numerical analysis of surge protection for electrical equipment with two cascaded SPDs; one at the service entrance of a building, and another at the equipment or in the socket. Coordination of these two cascaded SPDs is discussed by considering various influential factors. The influence of impulse waveforms on the coordination is the main issue addressed. It is found that the selection of SPD parameters might need the consideration of the impulse waveform of concern. Other factors such as separation distance are also discussed. Finally, this article also presents a case study on the cascaded SPD coordination when one ZnO varistor is substituted with a Class I spark-gap SPD.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)139-145
Number of pages7
JournalElectric Power Systems Research
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2016


  • Cascaded SPDs
  • Impulse waveforms
  • Low-voltage electrical equipment
  • Spark-gap- and varistor-technology
  • Surge protection device

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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