Individual responses to alignment perturbations in socket reaction moments while walking in transtibial prostheses

Toshiki Kobayashi, Michael S. Orendurff, Ming Zhang, David A. Boone

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


Background The alignment of transtibial prostheses has a systematic effect on the mean socket reaction moments in amputees. However, understanding their individual differences in response to alignment perturbations is also important for prosthetists to fully utilize the socket reaction moments for dynamic alignment in each unique patient. The aim of this study was to investigate individual responses to alignment perturbations in transtibial prostheses with solid-ankle-cushion-heel feet. Methods A custom instrumented prosthesis alignment component was used to measure the socket reaction moments while walking in 11 amputees with transtibial prostheses under 17 alignment conditions, including 3° and 6° of flexion, extension, abduction, and adduction of the socket, 5 mm and 10 mm of anterior, posterior, lateral, and medial translation of the socket, and an initial baseline alignment. Coronal moments at 30% of stance and maximum sagittal moments were extracted for comparisons from each amputee. Findings In the coronal plane, varus moment at 30% of stance was generally reduced by adduction or medial translation of the socket in all the amputees. In the sagittal plane, extension moment was generally increased by posterior translation or flexion of the socket; however, this was not necessarily the case for all the amputees. Interpretations Individual responses to alignment perturbations are not always consistent, and prosthetists would need to be aware of this variance when addressing individual socket reaction moments during dynamic alignment in clinical setting.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)590-594
Number of pages5
JournalClinical Biomechanics
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014


  • Amputation
  • Direct measurement
  • Gait
  • Kinetic
  • Malalignment
  • SACH foot

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


Dive into the research topics of 'Individual responses to alignment perturbations in socket reaction moments while walking in transtibial prostheses'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this